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Animal Photography Tips

Animal Photography Tips

How to Take a Picture of Cows Without Being Stampeeded

© Milton Heiberg 1. Get up early in the morning and stop off at McDonald’s for a fast-food breakfast. I like a Bacon & Egg Bagel. Also pick up a “Salad Plate” for the cow. (Not a Big Mac—cows are very sensitive about that.) © Milton Heiberg 2. Arrive at the cow pasture before dawn. Cows and many other subjects look their best with a subdued foggy background. The early morning light is always the best—with or without fog. 3. Get at least one cow in the herd to look at you. This is easy—cows always look at the silly person with a box in front of one eye. Put the selected cow into the “rule of thirds” (or not) looking into the frame (or at you). Remember the first rule of composition—“There are no rules.” Photography is an art. But know the rules anyway, and when to break them.   © Milton Heiberg 4. Be at the same eye level with your subject (animal or person, child or adult, standing or sitting). However, when cows are being herded, it is best to have some elevation to get a sense of the size of the herd, and crowding that takes place. In the example below I opted for the bed of a small truck. It also prevented being stampeded. 5. When photographing cows, or any subjects in a group, focus on the closest one (assuming that it is one facing you) and stop down to a small aperture for good depth of field—f/11 or smaller. You will most likely need to increase your ISO setting to at least 400 depending on the light and motion of the moving herd. © Milton Heiberg 6. Spend time to get to know the cows. Follow the first rule of photography from Milton’s Top Ten List—“Love your subject more that your camera.” 7. By now it’s lunch time. Eat the salad plate if a cow hasn’t stolen it. 8. Go home, pick out your best shot, and run it by your spouse, a friend, or your DPA instructor by email, and remember post it to the July Assignment: THE COUNTRYSIDE! Legal notice: The author cannot be held responsible for any unfortunate hoof prints on body parts, camera damage, resulting divorces, broken bones, paternal lawsuits, flea infestations, milk stains, or other cow-camera injuries while in Mexico City,Barcelona, New York City, or any other rodeo arenas, or wherever there are cows present.

Tips for Shooting Pets

Shooting pets can be one of the most rewarding types of photography one can do, but it’s not so simple as it may seem.  Just try getting a kitten or frisky young puppy to hold still long enough to focus and get off a shot and you’ll immediately know what I’m talking about.  They move….and very quickly. One way to solve this problem is to restrict the areas into which your subject can bolt.  Some of the ways I’ve accomplished this task are to place kittens in baskets and puppies in buckets,   nestled into the back of wingback chairs,   placed on picnic tables, or even on stumps tall enough to make them think before leaping off.   Kitties are just as difficult to corral and wrangle, but they too can be confined to a specific area, giving you enough time to photograph them before they have a chance to remove themselves from their portrait sitting. Personally, I love the fence concept because your kitty is free to move about, back and forth, but always at the same distance from the camera, give or take a few inches. Peeking out from tall boots or and even sitting on top of their dog houses might also work. Getting help from the pet owner, or even a friend if it’s your own animal is a must for shooting animals.  It will not only make the shoot go easier, it will be a lot of fun.  Your assistant will probably be the most important part of your shoot, beside your pet subject. They will gather up the loose little ones and return them to the set or area you’re shooting them in.  They will be there to hold a reflector, which may either be your main light if the sun is at the back of the animal, or the source of a catch-light in their eyes. {A catch-light is the bright specular highlight in the eye that gives it it’s “twinkle”.  It adds a lot of life to a photo and is a good thing to try and have).  Remember to focus on the eye nearest the camera.  It’s difficult to do close-ups that aren’t looking squarely and directly at the face, in which both eyes are in focus.  When presented that choice, just remember to focus on the eye nearest you. Your assistant can also distract your pet with either a toy (squeaky ones work great with dogs but can scare cats away) or small treats.  The best treats are ones which can be gobbled and not chewed.  Rewards are quick and you waste no time waiting for them to finish. This kind of assistance should also allow for some more or less candid photography as your pet is now paying attention to the food and/or toy provider and not worrying about you and the camera you’re pointing at it. This assistant might also carefully hold your pet, hiding their hands in such a way as to enable you to shoot a portrait with an uncomplicated or uncluttered background and no obvious fingers. Other tips for shooting your pets might be to include other members of your family with them.  The interactions can be fun as well as providing some idea of scale.

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